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All About Sage | Know Your Spice Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

All About Sage | Know Your Spice Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

It is also known as common sage or garden sage

Sage is a spice derived from the leaves of Salvia officinalis. It belongs to the Lamiaceae (Mint Family) alongside oregano, lavender, rosemary, thyme, and basil.

Salvia officinalis is an ancient spice, its importance today is quite limited; usage concentrates on the Mediterranean countries. Dishes spiced with sage are found from Spain to Greece.

Italians most commonly use the herb to flavour meat and poultry dishes; especially veal, which is often thought bland, can profit a lot from this herb.

It grows wild in the Dalmatian region of Yugoslavia. It is cultivated in Yugoslavia, Italy, Albania, Turkey, Portugal, Spain, Cyprus, England, Canada and USA.

In India, it is sparingly cultivated in Jammu.

What are the other names of Sage?

Salvia names in other languages are given below.
Indian Languages Other Languages
Hindi: Salvia, Kamrkash, Samundarsok, Sathi
Bengali: Bhui tulasi
Gujarati:

Malayalam
: Salvi tulasi
Marathi: Kammarkas
Punjabi:
Sathi
Sanskrit:
Samudraphala
Tamil:
Neelamulli
Telugu:
Neelambaramu
Latin (Botanical): Salvia officinalis
Arabic: Marameeah
Chinese:
Louh Meih Chou
Dutch:
Salie, Tuinsalie, Selft
French:
Sauge, Thé de la Grèce
German: Salbei
Italian: Salvia
Spanish: Salvia
Swedish
: Salvia, Kryddsalvia

What exactly is Sage?

Get to know more about Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

Spice Card – All About Sage | Know Your Spice Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

Sage is the dried leaf of Salvia officinalis. It belongs to the Lamiaceae (Mint family). It is a hardy sub-shrub.

Stems are shrubby, white woolly, 15 to 30 cm tall.

Leaves are greyish green, aromatic, petiolate, oblong, 7-8 cm long. On drying, leaves turns silvery grey with soft velvety texture.

It is a very powerful spice and tends to dominate; It is sometimes combined with garlic and pepper (preferably green pepper) for barbecued or fried meat.

The flowers are blue, purple, or white in simple racemes.

What is the nutritional value of Sage?

Find out about the nutritional value of Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

The herb parts of Salvia officinalis, whether fresh or dried, are rich sources of minerals like potassium, zinc, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and magnesium.

It is also an excellent source of vitamin K and a good source of vitamin A (in the form of provitamin A carotenoid phytonutrients).

The herb is an exceptionally very rich source of several B-complex groups of vitamins, such as folic acid, thiamin, pyridoxine and riboflavin.

Fresh sage leaves are a good source of antioxidant vitamin, vitamin-C; contain 32.4 or 54% of RDA.

What is the chemical composition of Sage?

Know and understand about chemical composition of Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

In all More than 120 components have been characterized in the essential oil prepared from the aerial parts of Salvia officinalis.

The main components of the oil include borneol, camphor, caryophyllene, cineole, elemene, humulene, ledene, pinene, and thujone.

Alcoholic and aqueous extracts of S. officinalis are rich in flavonoids particularly rosmarinic acid and luteolin-7-glucoside.

Also the phenolic acids such as caffeic acid and 3-Caffeoylquinic acid have been found in methanolic extract of Salvia officinalis.

What is the history of Sage?

Know more about the origins & the story behind Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

The Ancients and Arabians considered the herb linked to immortality.

It was first found northern Mediterranean countries and eventually spread to England, France and Switzerland in the fourteenth century.

In the Middle Ages the herb was used in chicken and pig dishes as a sauce seasoning. The Greeks and Romans used it to flavor meats.

The use of the herb dates to Chaucer and to Medieval times. It was used by elegant women in the fourteenth-century at dinner parties.

When washing hands at the table, a water infused with its leaves would be prepared and offered to the attendees to cleanse themselves.

In China, as a counteracting agent to snake bites, many used it in teas and its use was more popular than green tea consumption.

American Indians also used sage as a medicine mixed with bear grease to treat skin sores. In the 1800s, Americans used it to cure warts.

What are the uses of Sage?

How is Salvia used?
  • The herb is primarily used as a flavouring to enhance the taste of pork, lamb, meats, sausages, and in stuffing.
  • It is also used raw in salads, pickles and cheese.
  • It is also used often in conjunction with salt and pepper as a flavouring ingredient in various poultry stuffing recipes.
  • For a sore throat the leaves can steep in hot water then the water can be gargled to soothe the throat.
  • A infusion using the leaves can be made to soothe skin irritation, clear sinuses, or prevent an excess flow of saliva.

What does Sage taste like?

What is the the taste of Salvia?

It has an earthy but bold herbal flavour that has a slightly peppery taste with hints of mint, eucalyptus, and lemon.

How Much Sage Should I Use?

What is the the recommended quantity of Salvia for a day?

A typical daily dosage for dried leaves have been described as 4 to 6g/day. If consuming the tea, it is safe to limit consumption to 3-6 cups a day.


Sage Tea – All About Sage | Know Your Spice Salvia (Salvia officinalis)


What are the ayurvedic properties of Sage?

Information about ayurvedic details of Salvia (Salvia officinalis).

Rasa (Taste): Kasaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)
Guna (Qualities): Laghu (light)
Veerya (Potency): Usna (Hot)
Vipaka (Taste conversion after digestion): Tikshna (Sharp)
Karma (Actions): Alleviates pitta and kapha


What can I use Sage for?

Learn how to use Salvia (Salvia officinalis) in your food & beverages.
  • As a rub for meats.
  • Sprinkle as a garnish on soups.
  • Mix into a stuffing in roast dishes.
  • Combine chopped leaves with butter to make herb butter.
  • Add chopped leaves to tomato sauce.
  • Serve it with eggs in an omelet.
  • As a seasoning for roasted vegetables.
  • Combined with mashed potatoes or squash for a more earthy flavour.
  • Use a couple of bunches for making sage salt.
  • Use dried herb for tea.

How do I prepare Sage for food?

Learn how to prepare Salvia (Salvia officinalis) in your food & beverages.
  • Fresh Herb: To cook with the fresh herb, remove the leaves from the stems, rinse with cold water, and dry well. Cut according to the recipe instructions; the leaves are often sliced into chiffonade, chopped, or minced.
  • Dried Herb: Dried and powdered sage can be measured out and simply added to the recipe.

Fresh and Dry Herb Dosage Conversion:

  • 1 tablespoon of fresh chopped herb = 1 teaspoon of dried herb
  • 1/2 ounce of fresh leaves = 1/2 cup dried leaves

How long does Sage last?

Learn about how long does Salvia (Salvia officinalis) last in storage.
  • Properly stored, fresh leaves lasts for 10-14 days if stored in a refrigerator.
  • Properly stored, dried or ground leaves will generally stay at the best quality for about 3 to 4 years.

How do I store Sage?

Learn about how to store Salvia (Salvia officinalis).
  • To store, simply wrap the fresh leaves in paper towels and put them in a plastic bag in the refrigerator.
  • To freezing fresh salvia use the ice cube method. Chop the leaves and place them in ice cube trays. Add water or butter to the compartments and freeze.
  • Dried herb need to be crumbled & stored in an airtight container in cool, dark place.

Is there a substitute for Sage?

Learn how to use a substitute for Salvia (Salvia officinalis) if unavailable
  • Marjoram. Also, a mint family member, marjoram, is a woodsy, citrusy, and floral herb that closely mimics sage’s distinct aroma. It has a flavour similar to salvia and can be used either fresh or dried.
  • Rosemary. This highly aromatic Mediterranean herb boasts intense pine-like and woodsy flavors that can quickly overpower a dish. This substitute works best with meats.
  • Thyme. It has a wooden flavour, and it can have citrus or mint notes. Use the same amount as you would use salvia.

Where do I buy Sage from?

Where to Locate Salvia (Salvia officinalis) in the Grocery Store?

Sage is readily available in most large grocery stores and specialty markets for fresh look into the vegetables section while the spice racks for the dried one. You can also order it online via amazon.

What are the health benefits of Sage?

Learn about health benefits of Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

The following are health benefits of Sage (Salvia officinalis) or Salvia

  • Health Benefits of Sage for Protection from Alzheimer’s – Sage has been traditionally used for memory improvement and enhanced “brain” function, delaying onset of age-related cognitive decline. In addition, sage has been shown to delay early cognitive impairment in patients with mild dementia, associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia for Mental performance – Sage can also improve mental performance in general including memory, alertness, and attention.
  • Health Benefits of Sage as a Memory Booster – Sage contains two chemicals, crocin and crocetin, which researchers believe may help learning and memory function.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia as an Anti-inflammatory – Sage is beneficial for bodily inflammation, especially for the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular systems but also for arthritis.
  • Health Benefits of Sage against Bad Cholesterol – Sage, taken regularly over several months has been shown to increase good cholesterol levels (HDL) and reduce bad cholesterol (LDL) in people with high cholesterol.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia as an Antioxidant: Sage contains powerful antioxidant compounds that help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  • Health Benefits of Sage for Digestion: Calming in nature, sage can aid proper digestion, stimulate stomach acid, bile flow and pancreatic function, for better digestive health.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia for Diabetes: Research has discovered sage can help to reduce the number of triglycerides. It also has antihyperglycemic properties. This means it helps lower blood glucose levels by blocking the release of stored glucose from the liver.
  • Health Benefits of Sage for Memory: A tonic for the brain, sage helps to sharpen senses; provide clarity of thought, and promote vitality needed for proper cognitive skills.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia for Sore Throat: Sage is effective in the treatment of an inflamed throat and tonsils as well as an ulcerated throat.
  • Health Benefits of Sage for Anti-ageing: This herb is loaded with calcium and vitamin A, which protect your skin against the assault of free radicals and aid in daily cell regeneration, minimizing and delaying the onset of facial wrinkles.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia for Sweating: A recent German study has indicated that taking either a dry leaf extract or an infusion of sage leaf can reduce sweating by as much as 50%. It is a great deodorizer that dries perspiration and helps to eliminate body odor.
  • Health Benefits of Sage against Asthma: The antispasmodic effect of sage reduces tension in smooth muscles and can be used for steam inhalation to prevent asthma attacks.
  • Health Benefits of Salvia for Women: Its estrogenic effect has been found to be beneficial for women wishing to dry up their breast milk supply or relieve hot flashes during menopause.

Sage Tea - All About Sage | Know Your Spice Salvia (Salvia officinalis)
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Sage - Sage Tea Recipe | How to make Sage Tea

Sage - Sage Tea Recipe | How to make Sage Tea - This tea is packed with potential health benefits. It is used as a spice but alternatively the tea is used as a traditional medicine. Here is the the recipe for making Sage Tea.
Course Beverage, Tea
Cuisine World
Diet Diabetic, Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian
Keyword Make Sage Tea, Sage, Sage Tea, Sage Tea Recipe, Salvia
Prep Time 2 minutes
Cook Time 7 minutes
Total Time 9 minutes
Servings 1 Serving
Calories 5kcal

Ingredients

  • 1 Tablespoon Fresh sage or
  • 1 Teaspoon of Dried sage
  • 1 Cup of water
  • 1 Tablespoon Fresh Lemon Juice Optional & to taste
  • 0.5 Teaspoon Sweetener Optional & to taste

Instructions

  • Boil the cup of water.
  • Add sage (fresh or dried) and steep for 7 minutes.
  • Use a strainer in order to remove leaves.
  • Add any lemon juice or sweetener to suit your taste.
  • You can enjoy this drink hot or cold!

Notes

  • Sage Tea increases the levels of anti-inflammatory compounds circulating in the blood while decreasing the levels of inflammatory compounds.

Tools & Equipment Used For This Recipe

The links below the image lead to product links on Amazon.in & Amazon.com respectively

Saucepan

Strainer

FInally! To Sum It Up

All About Sage (Salvia officinalis) | Uses & Health Benefits of Sage

Spice Card – All About Sage | Know Your Spice Salvia (Salvia officinalis)

Sage is the dried leaf of Salvia officinalis. It belongs to the Lamiaceae (Mint family). It is a hardy sub-shrub.

Stems are shrubby, white woolly, 15 to 30 cm tall.

Leaves are greyish green, aromatic, petiolate, oblong, 7-8 cm long. On drying, leaves turns silvery grey with soft velvety texture.

It is a very powerful spice and tends to dominate; It is sometimes combined with garlic and pepper (preferably green pepper) for barbecued or fried meat.

The flowers are blue, purple, or white in simple racemes.

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