Sanātana Dharma (Devanagari: सनातन धर्म, meaning “eternal dharma”, or “eternal order”) is an alternative name for Hinduism used in Sanskrit and other Indian languages alongside the more common Hindu Dharma.
The term denotes the “eternal” or absolute set of duties or religiously ordained practices incumbent upon all Hindus, regardless of class, caste, or sect.
Dharma is often translated as “duty”, “religion” or “religious duty”, but has a deeper meaning.
The word comes from the Sanskrit root “dhri” which means “to sustain” or “that which is integral to something” (e.g. dharma of sugar is to be sweet, fire to be hot). A person’s dharma consists of duties that sustain them according to their innate characteristics which are both spiritual and material.
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