Jathikkayu (ജാതിക്കായ്) | Nutmeg | Myristica fragrans
Jathikkayu (ജാതിക്കായ്) is the Malayalam name for Nutmeg or Jaifal (Myristica fragrans). It comes from a dark-leaved evergreen tree cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit: nutmeg or Jathikkayu (ജാതിക്കായ്), from its seed, and mace or javitri (जावित्री), from the seed covering or arillus.
Nutmeg is not a nut, but the kernel of an apricot-like fruit. Mace is an arillus, a thin leathery tissue between the stone & the pulp; it is bright red to purple when harvested and turns amber when dried.
Indonesia, Sri Lanka and India are the main producers of jaiphal and mace.
Read more: Health Benefits of Jathikkayu (ജാതിക്കായ്)
Jaifal or Jaiphal contains antibacterial, antiviral & anti-cancer activities. It is used in traditional medicine for treating various disorders. In Ayurveda, it is used to balance Kapha & Vata doshas.