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All About Juniper Berry | Know Your Spice Aaraar (Juniperus communis)

All About Juniper Berry | Know Your Spice Aaraar (Juniperus communis)

All About Juniper Berry | Know Your Spice Aaraar (Juniperus communis)

All About Juniper Berry | Know Your Spice Aaraar or Arar (Juniperus communis)

It is also known as hapusha

Juniper is an evergreen shrub sometimes attaining the height of a small tree up to 3 mtrs with erect trunk and spreading branches, covered with a shreddy bark. The trunk diameter is 25-30 cm.

It produces seed cones that are commonly known as juniper berries. Though the berries’ coloring varies, most are deep blue. Their aroma is often described as woody or spicy.

Leaves are straight and rigid, oval shape, about 6-13 mm long and with sharp prickly points.

It is dioecious plant. The male and female flowers produced in April and May usually born on separate plants, the male flowers in short catkins and female flowers in small cones.

The fleshy berry like fruit is subglobose, bluish black, dark purple when ripe, 10-13 mm in diameter covered with waxy bloom.

The three scales comprising fruit, occasionally gaping and exposing bony seeds, usually three, elongated, ovoid, and embedded in the pulp.

What are the other names of Juniper Berry?

Arar names in other languages are given below.
Indian Languages Other Languages
Hindi: Aaraar, Haubera
Bengali: Havusha
Gujarati: –

Malayalam
: –
Marathi: Hosha
Punjabi:
Abhal
Sanskrit:
Hapusha
Tamil:

Telugu:

Latin (Botanical): Juniperus communis
Arabic: Arar
Chinese:
Du song
Dutch:
Jeneverbes
French:
Genévrier, Genièvre
German: Wacholder
Italian: Ginepro
Spanish: Enebro/Junipero
Swedish
: En, Enbär

What exactly is Juniper Berry?

Get to know more about Arar or Aaraar

Spice card – all about juniper berry | know your spice aaraar or arar (juniperus communis)

Juniper Berry or Aaraar (Juniperus communis) plant is a member of the Cupressaceae (Cypress family). It is a fragrant and evergreen herb.

Occurring from Western Alaska throughout Canada and Northern USA, in coastal areas of Greenland, Iceland, throughout Europe and in Northern Asia and Japan.

Juniper was once widespread in Europe, except for some low-lying areas around the Mediterranean and it even occurs in small patches of North Africa.

Juniper berries actually aren’t berries at all. They are female seed cones that come juniper plants — a type of conifer (Pinophyta), which is a cone-bearing plant or tree.

Juniper plants vary in appearance and can grow low and wide like a shrub or tall like a tree. Their uniquely fleshy, merged scales make them look like a berry, thus the name.

What is the nutritional value of Juniper Berry?

Find out about the nutritional value of Arar or Aaraar (Juniperus communis)

Juniper berries are a good source of vitamin C, delivering 10% of the Daily Value (DV) of this water-soluble nutrient in a 1-ounce (28-gram) serving.

The berries also pack many plant compounds, including flavonoid antioxidants, volatile oils, and coumarins, which are chemical compounds with various protective properties.

The volatile oils in juniper berries contain substances known as monoterpenes, including limonene, camphor, and beta-pinene.

Monoterpenes have been shown to provide anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties

What is the chemical composition of Juniper Berry?

Know and understand about chemical composition of Aaraar (Juniperus communis)

Apart from up to 33% sugars and 10% resin, juniper berries owe their use in the kitchen to an essential oil (0.2 to 2%, dependent on provenance).

Juniper oil is composed of monoterpenes: 80% α- and β-pinene, thujene, sabinene, 5% terpinene-4-ol, α-terpineol, borneol & geraniol; & traces of sesquiterpenes (α- and β-cadinene, caryophyllene)

What is the history of Juniper Berry?

Know more about the origins & the story behind Aaraar (Juniperus communis)

The earliest recorded medicinal use of Juniper Berries occurs in an Egyptian papyrus dating back to 1500 BCE, in a recipe to cure tapeworm infestations.

The berries imported into Egypt may have come from Greece; the Greeks record using juniper berries as a medicine long before mentioning their use in food.

The Greeks used the berries in many of their Olympics events because of their belief that the berries increased physical stamina in athletes.

Juniper berries have a long history of being a part of both culinary and medicinal pursuits.

Originally, alcohol was used as a method of preserving the medicinal effects of botanicals, which had the pleasant side effect of making the booze more palatable.

The use of juniper berries as a medicinal botanical in alcohol began in medieval times where the berries were used to flavor whisky in Scotland.

They also added juniper berries to their food to aid in digestion. The Dutch had a surplus of juniper berries in the 19th century which led to the advent of Gin.

The berries were ground and added to game dishes and cakes in England and Scotland, both for flavoring and to, again, aid digestion.

The earliest medicinal use of juniper berries, though, was in ancient Egypt in 1500 bce to help cure tapeworm. The Romans also used juniper berries to help aid digestion.

The Greeks recorded using juniper berries medicinally long before they used them in food. The major reason for this is because they believed that feeding the berries to athletes gave them good physical stamina.

In Central European folk medicine the berries were considered a cure all for disorders associated with poverty such as typhoid, cholera, dysentery, and tapeworms.

In North America, tribes native to the Maritime provinces of Canada used Juniper for tuberculosis, ulcers, rheumatism and topically for cuts and wounds.

What are the uses of Juniper Berry?

How is Aaraar used?

Juniper is an important spice in many European cuisines, especially in Alpine regions, where juniper grows abundantly.

It is the only example of a spice in the botanic group of the coniferae, and also one of the few examples of spices from cold climatic regions, though the best quality stems from Southern European countries.

  • Juniper’s main application is meat; it is felt indispensable for venison and combines well with black pepper, marjoram and laurel berries.
  • People use the juniper berry to make medicine. Medicinal preparations include the extract of juniper berry, as well as the essential oil of juniper berry.
  • Some people apply juniper directly to the skin for wounds and for pain in joints and muscles. The essential oil of juniper is inhaled to treat bronchitis and numb pain.
  • In foods, the juniper berry is often used as a condiment and a flavoring ingredient in gin and bitter preparations.
  • In Poland, juniper berries are used to prepare the Kaddikowe pivo, a much appreciated aromatic drink.
  • The extract and essential oil are used as a flavoring ingredient in foods and beverages.
  • In manufacturing, the juniper oil is used as a fragrance in soaps and cosmetics.
  • Juniper extract and juniper oil are used in cosmetics including lipstick, foundation, hair conditioners, bath oils, bubble bath, eye shadow, and many other products.

What does Juniper Berry taste like?

What is the the taste of Arar or Aaraar?

Juniper berries taste fresh, like pine, and citrusy. They have a touch of both fruitiness and pepperiness. Overall, the flavor of the juniper berry is pungent but pleasantly so.


Juniper berries


What are the ayurvedic properties of Juniper Berry?

Information about ayurvedic details of Arar or Aaraar

Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)
Guna (Qualities): Ruksha (Dry in nature), Teekshna (Strong), Laghu (Light for digestion)
Veerya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka (Taste conversion after digestion): Katu (Undergoes pungent taste after digestion)
Karma (Actions): Vatakapha shamaka (Reduces vitiated Vata and Kapha dosha)


What can I use Juniper Berry for?

Learn how to use Arar or Aaraar in your food & beverages.

If you want a strong juniper aroma and flavor to your dish, crushing fresh berries before adding them to a sauce or marinade is the way to go. For a more subtle flavor, you can toast the berries

  • You may want to try juniper in game dishes, one of the spice’s most common uses.
  • You can have it as a cleansing tea twice per day.
  • It’s a great adjunct to meat dishes such as beef, pork, or wild game such as venison.
  • The berries add delicious flavor to vegetable dishes and things like sauerkraut.
  • You can add them to a pot of chili.
  • You can use a juniper-infused orange jam to flavour a batch of slow cooker chicken.
  • Use juniper to add a much-welcome kick of flavor to a creamy skillet of ham, cheese and tomatoes.
  • Make your own salt-cured salmon at home, infusing it with flavours of juniper, rosemary and lemon.

How long does Juniper Berry last?

Learn about how long does Arar or Zufa last in storage.

Like most spices, juniper berries quickly loses its potency once ground, so grind only as much as you need for a given recipe. Stored in an airtight & sealed container, whole berries will last for up to 2 years.

How do I store Juniper Berry?

Learn about how to store Arar or Zufa.

You should store dry juniper berries in a dry & airtight container.

Is there a substitute for Juniper Berry?

Learn how to use a substitute for Arar or Aaraar if unavailable

Rosemary is not exactly the same in flavor, but it’s similarly pungent and aromatic. Fresh rosemary would be ideal to mimic the piney flavour.

Where do I buy Juniper Berries from?

Where to Locate Arar or Aaraar in the Grocery Store?

Juniper Berries are available for purchase from grocery stores. Look for them in the spice section. These spicy, rich berries can be purchased either dried or fresh and whole or crushed.

You can also buy Juniper Berry products & oils online at this link.

What are the health benefits of Juniper Berry?

Learn about health benefits of Arar or Aaraar (Juniper Berryus officinalis)

The following are health benefits of Juniper Berries, Arar or Aaraar

  • Health Benefits of Aaraar as an Antioxidant – Antioxidants are naturally occurring compounds that help protect cells against damage caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berry against Diabetes – Juniper berries were used in traditional medicine practices to treat diabetes, and recent studies confirm that they may have antidiabetic properties.
  • Health Benefits of Aaraar for Heart Health – Juniper berries may promote heart health by improving HDL (good) cholesterol levels and reducing high triglyceride levels, as well as LDL (bad) and total cholesterol.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berry as an Antibacterial & Antifungal Agent – Juniper berry essential oil demonstrated antibacterial and antifungal effects against 16 species of bacteria, yeasts, yeast-like fungi, and dermatophytes, a type of fungus that grows on your skin, causing diseases like ringworm
  • Health Benefits of Aaraar as an Anti-inflammatory AgentJuniper Berry has over 70 compounds in juniper berry essential oil, with the monoterpenes alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, myrcene, limonene, and sabinene making up the majority. All of them add to the oil’s strong antioxidant effects.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berry as an Antimicrobial Agent – Extracts and oils from the Aaraar plant show moderate antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral properties.
  • Health Benefits of Aaraar as a Diuretic – It helps increase urine output, reduces edema, and helps to lower blood pressure.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berry as a Natural Antiseptic – The antibacterial and antifungal qualities of juniper berries have stood the test of time — which is one reason that juniper berry essential oil is often suggested as a natural household cleaning agent.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berries for Skincare – One of the most common uses for juniper berries, specifically in essential oil form, is to treat skin issues like rash or eczema.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berries for Digestion – Juniper berries have long been considered a digestive aid in folk medicine.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berries for Better Sleep – Many natural health practitioners recommend juniper berry essential oil as a relaxant and believe it has a positive impact on brain chemistry, encouraging rest.
  • Health Benefits of Juniper Berries against Cancer – in a lab setting, juniper berry essential oil or extract has been found to cause apoptosis (cell death) in a drug-resistant strain of leukemia, HepG2 (liver cancer) cells and p53 (neuroblastoma) cells.

All About Juniper Berry | Know Your Spice Aaraar (Juniperus communis)
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Juniper Berry | Juniper Berries Tea | How to Make Juniper Berry Tea

Juniper Berry | Juniper Berries Tea - Juniper Berry Tea is strongly aromatic, bearing a distinct and pleasant taste. It provides your body with a boost of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 
Course Beverage, Tea
Cuisine World
Diet Diabetic, Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian
Keyword Juniper Berries, Juniper Berry, Juniper Berry Tea, Juniper Tea, Make Juniper Berry Tea
Prep Time 2 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Total Time 12 minutes
Servings 1 Serving
Calories 5kcal
Author Sumit Malhotra

Ingredients

  • 1 Tablespoon Juniper Berries
  • 1.5 Cup Water

Instructions

  • Wash & clean the juniper berries for the tea and add them to a teacup
  • Bring the water to a roaring boil.
  • Pour over the juniper berries & steep for 10 minutes
  • Drink.

Notes

  • This juniper berry tea can be had twice a day.
  • Do not consume if you are pregnant or trying to be, juniper's effects on the uterus might interfere with fertility or cause a miscarriage. 
  • It's also best to avoid using juniper tea if you are breastfeeding. 

Tools & Equipment Used For This Recipe

The links below the image lead to product links on Amazon.in & Amazon.com respectively

Saucepan

Strainer

FInally! To Sum It Up

All About Juniper Berry (Juniperus communis) | Uses & Health Benefits of Juniper Berries

Spice card – all about juniper berry | know your spice aaraar or arar (juniperus communis)

Juniper Berry or Aaraar (Juniperus communis) plant is a member of the Cupressaceae (Cypress family). It is a fragrant and evergreen herb.

Occurring from Western Alaska throughout Canada and Northern USA, in coastal areas of Greenland, Iceland, throughout Europe and in Northern Asia and Japan.

Juniper was once widespread in Europe, except for some low-lying areas around the Mediterranean and it even occurs in small patches of North Africa.

Juniper berries actually aren’t berries at all. They are female seed cones that come juniper plants — a type of conifer (Pinophyta), which is a cone-bearing plant or tree.

Juniper plants vary in appearance and can grow low and wide like a shrub or tall like a tree. Their uniquely fleshy, merged scales make them look like a berry, thus the name.

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