The Banda Islands are a volcanic group of ten small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea, about 140 km south of Ceram Island and about 2,000 km east of Java. It constitutes an administrative district within the Central Maluku Regency in the Indonesian province of Maluku.
The islands’ volcanic soils are well adapted to the growth of nutmeg, which is indigenous. Other products are cloves, coconuts, tapioca, fish, and tropical fruits and vegetables.
Half the population of the islands lives in Bandanaira, the capital and port city of Bandanaira Island.
The inhabitants are mostly descendants of Javanese, Makassarese, and people from neighbouring islands brought in as labourers to work the Dutch nutmeg plantations.