The Murrah buffalo is a breed of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) mainly kept for milk production. “Murrah” breed is also known as “Delhi”, “Kundi” and “Kali”.
Among Indian buffalo breeds, Murrah is noted to have the highest milk yield.
Murrah buffalo originates from the states of Haryana and Punjab of India, where it is kept in the districts of Bhiwani, Hisar, Rohtak, Jind, Jhajhar, Fatehabad, Gurgaon and the National Capital Region of Delhi.
The breeding tract of the breed includes the states of Haryana, Punjab & Western Uttar Pradesh of India, where it is kept in the districts of Bhiwani, Hisar, Rohtak, Jind, Jhajhar, Fatehabad, Gurgaon and the National Capital Region of Delhi.
Murrah buffalo easily adapts to the environment so it is reared in South India as well now.
Murrah males are used both for breeding as well as draught purpose. The milk yield from Murrah cows of the breed ranges from 1003 to 2057 kilo grams per lactation with 6.9 to 8.3 % fat with an average of 1752 Kg per lactation and 7.3% fat.
This breed has formed an important place in the livestock industry of many developing countries like Bulgaria, Philipines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brazil and Sri Lanka.
The breed is used for upgrading nondescript buffaloes almost in all parts of world and has even formed an important place in the livestock industry of many developing countries like Bulgaria, Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brazil and Sri Lanka.
The body of murrah buffalo is well built, heavy and wedge shaped. The head is comparatively small and face is comparatively long. Their horns are short, tight, turning backward and upward and finally spirally curving inward.
Murrah buffaloes are jet black in colour, sometimes with white markings on the face or legs. They typically have short and tightly curved horns.
Murrah bulls weigh around 550 kg and cows around 450 kg. Average milk production is 2,200 litres in a lactation period of 310 days.
Their eyes are black, active, and prominent in females, but slightly shrunken in males and should not be walled, i.e., the cornea should not have whiteness. Their necks are long and thin in females and thick and massive in males. Their ears are short, thin, and alert.