Karma is the force generated by a person’s actions held in Hinduism and Buddhism to perpetuate transmigration and in its ethical consequences to determine the nature of the person’s next existence.
in Indian religion and philosophy, the universal causal law by which good or bad actions determine the future modes of an individual’s existence.
Karma represents the ethical dimension of the process of rebirth (samsara), a belief which is generally shared among the religious traditions of India.
Indian soteriologies (theories of salvation) posit that future births and life situations will be conditioned by actions performed during one’s present life—which itself has been conditioned by the accumulated effects of actions performed in previous lives.
The doctrine of karma thus directs adherents of Indian religions toward their common goal: release (moksha) from the cycle of birth and death..
Karma thus serves two main functions within Indian moral philosophy: it provides the major motivation to live a moral life, and it serves as the primary explanation of the existence of evil.