What is Kamun al-muluki (كمون الملوكي) – Kamun al-muluki (كمون الملوكي) is the Arabic name for Carom seeds or Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi). Kamun al-muluki (كمون الملوكي) is also known as ajowan, ajowan caraway, thymol seeds, bishop’s weed, or carom. It is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.
Both the leaves and the seed‑like fruit of Kamun al-muluki (كمون الملوكي) plant are consumed by humans. It looks similar to fennel and cumin seeds and is highly fragrant, smelling like thyme. Its taste, however, is more like oregano and anise due to the bitter notes and strong flavour.
Kamun al-muluki (كمون الملوكي) has an aroma almost exactly like thyme because it also contains thymol, but they are more aromatic and less subtle in taste, as well as being somewhat bitter and pungent.
T. ammi or ajwain is widely cultivated as a spice for curries in India, the Mediterranean and Ethiopia. Usually the fruits are dried, roasted and ground before use.
Kamun al-muluki (كمون الملوكي) or Carom seeds are incredibly nutritious, being rich in fibre, antioxidants, and other vitamins and minerals. Because of this, they have been associated with health benefits and long been used in traditional Indian medicine practices.