Moschokarido (Μοσχοκάρυδο) | Nutmeg | Myristica fragrans
Moschokarido (Μοσχοκάρυδο) is the Greek name for Nutmeg or Jaifal (Myristica fragrans). It comes from a dark-leaved evergreen tree cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit: nutmeg or Moschokarido (Μοσχοκάρυδο), from its seed, and mace or javitri (जावित्री), from the seed covering or arillus.
Nutmeg is not a nut, but the kernel of an apricot-like fruit. Mace is an arillus, a thin leathery tissue between the stone & the pulp; it is bright red to purple when harvested and turns amber when dried.
Indonesia, Sri Lanka and India are the main producers of jaiphal and mace.
Jaifal or Jaiphal contains antibacterial, antiviral & anti-cancer activities. It is used in traditional medicine for treating various disorders. In Ayurveda, it is used to balance Kapha & Vata doshas.