Jodhpur marks its origin back to the year of 1459 AD. The history of this prosperous city revolves around the Rathore clan. Rao Jodha, the chief of Rathore Clan is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India. The city is known to be built in place of the ancient capital, Mandore of the state of Manwar. Hence, the people of Jodhpur and surrounding areas are commonly known as Marwaris. Also, it is believed that the relics of Mandore can still be witnessed in the Mandore Gardens.
Jodhpur, the second largest city in Rajasthan is popularly known as the Blue City. The name is clearly befitting as most of the architecture – forts, palaces, temples, havelis and even houses are built in vivid shades of blue. The strapping forts that tower this magnificent city sum up to a spectacle you would not want to miss. The mammoth, imposing fortress of Mehrangarh has a landscape dominating a rocky ridge with the eight gates leading out of the fortress. The new city is located outside the structure. Jodhpur is also known for the rare breed of horses known as Marwari or Malani, which are only found here.
It is known as the “blue city” because, in the old city area, most of the buildings have blue paint. Jodhpur is also known as the “Sun City of India” because of the warm and sunny climate it has, throughout the year.
The main attractions in Jodhpur are, The Mehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jaswant Thada, and Ghanta Ghar. Jodhpur was once an important trade junction between Delhi and Rajasthan for opium, copper, silk, sandalwood, and date palm business.
By Air: Jodhpur has its own domestic airport, which is located around 5 km from the city centre. Flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Udaipur and other important Indian cities serve Jodhpur on a daily basis. Cabs and autos are available outside the airport and can be hired to travel to any part of the city.
By Train: Trains from places like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Jaipur and several others serve the city of Jodhpur. Apart from regular express and mail trains, the luxurious Palace on Wheels also caters to Jodhpur city.
By Road: Direct buses from Delhi and Jaipur made road connectivity with Jodhpur convenient. Government run Volvo coaches as well as numerous private deluxe and luxury buses are available in this route. Road condition of Jodhpur Highway is quite good and therefore buses can be availed in this route.