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All About Pomegranate | Know Your Spice Anardana (Punica Granatum) or Anar

All About Pomegranate | Know Your Spice Anardana (Punica Granatum)

All About Pomegranate | Know Your Spice Anardana (Punica Granatum)

It is also known as Anar

Pomegranate or Punica Granatum is deciduous shrub or a small tree from the Punicaceae family. is indigenous to Southern Europe and Mediterranean area.

It is distributed in the warmer regions of both the hemispheres. It is widely cultivated in Iran, Afghanistan and Baluchistan.

In India it is grown in almost all states but cultivated in large scale in the States of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh.

It thrives best in places with a hot dry summer, with irrigation. The seed dried with pulp is used as a spice in many dishes.

The pomegranate originated in the region extending from Iran to northern India. It has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region.

It was introduced into Spanish America in the late 16th century and into California by Spanish settlers in 1769.

The name pomegranate derives from medieval Latin pōmum “apple” and grānātum “seeded”.

What are the other names of Pomegranate?

Anardana names in other languages are given below.
Indian Languages Other Languages
Hindi: Anardana, Anar
Bengali: Dalimb
Gujarati:
Dalamb, Dadam
Malayalam
: Mathala Narakam
Marathi: Dalimb
Punjabi:
Anardana
Sanskrit:
Dadima
Tamil:
Madhulai, Mathala Naranga, Mathalam Pazham
Telugu:
Danimma pandu
Latin (Botanical): Punica Granatum
Arabic: Rumman, Roman
Chinese:
Ngon Sehk Lau
Dutch:
Granaatappel
French:
Grenade
German: Granatapfel
Italian: Melograno
Spanish: Granada
Swedish
: Granatapple

What exactly is Pomegranate?

Get to know more about Anardana (Punica Granatum)

Spice Card – All About Pomegranate | Know Your Spice Anardana (Punica Granatum)

An attractive shrub or small tree, to 20 or 30 ft (6 or 10 m) high. It is much-branched, more or less spiny, and extremely long-lived. It has a strong tendency to sucker from the base.

The leaves are evergreen or deciduous, opposite or in whorls of 5 or 6, short-stemmed, oblong-lanceolate, 3/8 to 4 in (1-10 cm) long, leathery.

Showy flowers are home on the branch tips singly or as many as 5 in a cluster.

Nearly round, but crowned at the base by the fruit, 2 1/2 to 5 in (6.25-12.5 cm) wide, has a tough, leathery skin or rind, basically yellow more or less overlaid with light or deep pink or rich red.

The interior is separated by membranous walls and white spongy tissue (rag) into compartments packed with transparent sacs or arils filled with tart, flavorful, fleshy, juicy, red, pink or whitish pulp.

In each sac, there is one white or red, angular, soft or hard seed. The seeds represent about 52% of the weight of the whole fruit.

What is the nutritional value of Pomegranate?

Find out about the nutritional value of Anardana (Punica Granatum)

Edible parts of anar fruit (about 50% of total fruit weight) comprise 80% juice and 20% seeds.

Fresh juice contains 85% water, 10% total sugars, and 1.5% pectin, ascorbic acid, and polyphenolic flavonoids. Pomegranate seeds are a rich source of crude fibers, pectin, and sugars.

Dried anar seeds contain the steroid estrogen estrone, the isoflavone phytoestrogens genistein and daidzein, and the phytoestrogen coumestrol

What is the chemical composition of Pomegranate?

Know and understand about chemical composition of Anardana (Punica Granatum)

The edible part of the anar fruit (50%) consists of 40% arils and 10% seeds.

Arils contain 85% water, 10% total sugars, mainly fructose and glucose, and 1.5% pectin, organic acid, such as ascorbic acid, citric acid, and malic acid.

They also contain bioactive compounds such as phenolics and flavonoids, principally anthocyanins.

Phenolic compounds, together with flavonoids, anthocyanins, and tannins, are the main group of antioxidants that are important due to their biological and free radical scavenging activities.

What is the history of Pomegranate?

Know more about the origins & the story behind Anardana (Punica Granatum)

The pomegranate originates in the Middle East, with findings such as fossilized leaves, branches and seeds dating back to the early Bronze Age (3500–2000 BC).

Scientists have placed it in the first five positions in the list of the oldest cultivated fruits, along with the olive, grape, date palm and fig.

The pomegranate tree, which is said to have flourished in the garden of Eden, has been used extensively in the folk medicine of many cultures.

In many religions and cultures, it is thought to be an auspicious symbol, mostly of life, luck, abundance and fertility.

In ancient Greek mythology, the fruits were known as the “fruit of the dead” and in the ancient Hebrew tradition, pomegranates adorned the vestments of the high priest.

The Babylonians regarded pomegranate seeds as an agent of resurrection, the Persians believed the seeds conferred invincibility on the battlefield.

For the ancient Chinese the seeds stood for longevity and immortality.

The fruit was used in many ways as it is today and was featured in Egyptian mythology and art, praised in the Old Testament of the Bible and in the Babylonian Talmud.

It was carried by desert caravans for the sake of its thirst-quenching juice. It travelled to central and southern India from Iran about the first century A.D. and was reported growing in Indonesia in 1416.

What are the uses of Pomegranate?

How is Anardana used?
  • Arils or clusters of juice sacs can be lifted out of the rind and eaten.
  • Its juice is widely made into grenadine for use in mixed drinks.
  • In northern India, a major use of the wild fruits is for the preparation of “anardana”–the juice sacs being dried in the sun for 10 to 15 days and then sold as a spice.
  • All parts of the tree have been utilized as sources of tannin for curing leather.
  • Both the rind and the flowers yield dyes for textiles.
  • Ink can be made by steeping the leaves in vinegar.
  • In Japan, an insecticide is derived from the bark.
  • The pale-yellow wood is very hard and, while available only in small dimensions, is used for walking-sticks and in woodcrafts.
  • The juice of wild fruit yields citric acid and sodium citrate for pharmaceutical purposes.
  • The juice enters into preparations for treating dyspepsia and is considered beneficial in leprosy.
  • In Mexico, a decoction of the flowers is gargled to relieve oral and throat inflammation.
  • Because of their tannin content, extracts of the bark, leaves, immature fruit and fruit rind have been given as astringents to halt diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhages.
  • Pomegranate juice, in the form of powder, may be used in yogurt production.
  • Several films and coatings have been developed by incorporating its peel extracts.

What does Pomegranate taste like?

What is the the taste of Anardana?

Pome­granate have a fresh, sweet–sour, very pleasant taste. Some strains actually taste honey-sweet, while others may display balanced sweetness and acidity.

The spice is made from plants that belong to a wild form of pome­granate. Their seeds have an aggressively acidic and astringent taste.


Pomegranate & Pomegranate Juice


What are the ayurvedic properties of Pomegranate?

Information about ayurvedic details of Anardana (Punica Granatum).

Rasa (Taste): Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Guna (Qualities): Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour), Kashaya (astringent)
Veerya (Potency): Anushna – neither cold, nor sweet.
Vipaka (Taste conversion after digestion): Madhura (sweet) or Amla (sour) (Undergoes pungent taste after digestion)
Karma (Actions): Sweet pomegranate balances Tridosha – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
Sour pomegranate balances Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.


What can I use Pomegranate for?

Learn how to use Anardana (Punica Granatum) in your food & beverages.
  • You can use grenadine (reduced juice from fresh pomegranate seeds), not just for desserts, but also to marinate meat; due to its content of proteolytic enzymes, it acts as a meat tender­izer.
  • In the Turkish salad kısır made from pre cooked cracked wheat (bulgur), parsley and possibly raw vegetables.
  • Anar seeds make an interesting alternative for raisins in cakes.
  • Make your smoothies with anar.
  • Sprinkle some of the seeds on your salad.
  • Adding seeds with plain yogurt is an effective way of eating pomegranate for weight loss.
  • Make a Pomegranate salsa, Pomegranate feta salad or a Pomegranate-avocado bruschetta.
  • Add anadana to your chole masala.
  • You can use Pomegranate molasses for dressings, sauces, or roasts. You can even drizzle it on desserts.
  • Make a Pomegranate Mint Raita Recipe – Awesome & Sweet

How long does Pomegranate last?

Learn about how long does Anardana (Punica Granatum) last in storage.

They should be kept in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place, out of direct sunlight. Whole fruit can be refrigerated and will keep as long as 2 months.

Fresh seeds or juice will keep in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Pomegranate arils can be frozen for later use.

How do I store Pomegranate?

Learn about how to store Anardana (Punica Granatum).

They should be kept in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place, out of direct sunlight. They are best stored in the refrigerator.

Is there a substitute for Pomegranate?

Learn how to use a substitute for Anardana (Punica Granatum) if unavailable

The best pomegranate substitutes are cranberries, red currants, sour cherries, and raspberries. Or, you can try pomegranate syrup or juice, or cranberry juice for smoothies.

You can also substitute grenadine for pomegranate juice.

For anardana spice you can use one tablespoon tamarind paste, fresh lemon or lime juice or, amchur powder.

Where do I buy Pomegranate from?

Where to Locate Anardana (Punica Granatum) in the Grocery Store?

Fresh pomegranates will be available in fruits and vegetables section. For Anardana spice look in the spice aisles.

If you are not in India, you may also find shelled pomegranate seeds in the frozen aisle of the store. Check the freezers with the fruits or possibly even the frozen organic section.

If buying online, try this link.

What are the health benefits of Pomegranate?

Learn about health benefits of Anardana (Punica Granatum)

The following are health benefits of Anar, Pomegranate (Punica Granatum) or Anardana

  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate as an Antioxidant – Pomegranate are so powerful that pomegranate juice has been found to have three times the antioxidant activity of red wine and green tea
  • Health Benefits of Anardana for Diabetes – The punicalagin class of flavonoid antioxidants in pomegranates offer immense inflammation-reducing qualities, thereby alleviating the agonizing symptoms of high blood sugar such as muscle pain and fatigue.
  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate for Heart Health – In vitro, in vivo and human trials had examined the effects of a range of pomegranate constituents on the prevention and reduction of atherosclerosis and LDL oxidation
  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate for Teeth Health: There is some limited evidence suggesting that pomegranate juice may help control dental plaque.
  • Health Benefits of Anardana as an Anti-inflammatory Agent – Pomegranate juice may help ward off infections, says the NIH.
  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate as an Antimicrobial Agent – Extracts and oils from the Anardana plant show moderate antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral properties.
  • Health Benefits of Punica Granatum for Kidney Health – Study available on the NCBI website states that pomegranate has anti-hypercalciuria (controlling calcium) and anti-urolithiasis (inhibiting stone formation) effects.
  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate against Cancer – Research on breast cancer cell lines demonstrated that pomegranate constituents efficiently inhibited angiogenesis, invasiveness, growth, and induced apoptosis.
  • Health Benefits of Punica Granatum for Bone Health – Research suggests that Pomegranate extracts can aid in the treatment of bone health problems. The herb contains calcium, ergosterol (a precursor of vitamin D), and vitamin C, which can collectively help to keep your bones strong.
  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate for Memory Function – Pomegranate juice is rich in polyphenols, which have been found to improve memory function.
  • Health Benefits of Anar for Skin Care: According to dermatologists, pomegranate juice can help replenish dry, dull skin. It is also a great source of vitamin C.
  • Health Benefits of Pomegranate for Weight Loss: Eating food rich in fiber slows digestion, which helps to keep you feeling full. And the more full you are on healthy fiber-rich foods like pomegranate, the less junk you’re likely to eat.
  • Health Benefits of Anar for Rheumatoid Arthritis – Due to its powerful anti-inflammatory properties, the pomegranate can decrease joint tenderness, swelling, and pain.

Print

Pomegranate - Homemade Pomegranate Juice or Anar Ka Juice

Pomegranate - Homemade Pomegranate Juice - Pomegranate juice or Anar Ka Juice is loaded with strong antioxidant properties. According to research, this juice contains three times more antioxidants than green tea.
Course Beverage
Cuisine World
Diet Diabetic, Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian
Keyword Anar, Anar Ka Juice, Make Pomegranate Juice, Pomegranate, Pomegranate Juice
Prep Time 15 minutes
Total Time 15 minutes
Servings 2 Serving
Calories 132kcal
Author Sumit Malhotra

Ingredients

  • 4 Piece Large Pomegranate
  • 0.25 Teaspoon Rock Salt

Instructions

  • Remove the pomegranate crown.
  • Slice the pomegranate into quarters.
  • Fill a large bowl with cool water.
  • Break apart the pomegranate arils underneath the water.
  • Put the arils into a blender & pulse to crush.
  • Pour the juice through a strainer using a spatula to force it.
  • Add rock salt & serve.

Notes

  • Rock salt balances out the sweetness of the pomegranate juice.
  • Leftover pomegranate juice can be refrigerated in a jar for 5 to 6 days.

Tools & Equipment Used For This Recipe

The links below the image lead to product links on Amazon.in & Amazon.com respectively

Blender

Strainer

FInally! To Sum It Up

All About Pomegranate (Punica Granatum) | Uses & Health Benefits of Pomegranate

Spice Card – All About Pomegranate | Know Your Spice Anardana (Punica Granatum)

An attractive shrub or small tree, to 20 or 30 ft (6 or 10 m) high, the pomegranate is much-branched, more or less spiny, and extremely long-lived. It has a strong tendency to sucker from the base.

The leaves are evergreen or deciduous, opposite or in whorls of 5 or 6, short-stemmed, oblong-lanceolate, 3/8 to 4 in (1-10 cm) long, leathery.

Showy flowers are home on the branch tips singly or as many as 5 in a cluster.

Nearly round, but crowned at the base by the fruit, 2 1/2 to 5 in (6.25-12.5 cm) wide, has a tough, leathery skin or rind, basically yellow more or less overlaid with light or deep pink or rich red.

The interior is separated by membranous walls and white spongy tissue (rag) into compartments packed with transparent sacs or arils filled with tart, flavorful, fleshy, juicy, red, pink or whitish pulp.

In each sac, there is one white or red, angular, soft or hard seed. The seeds represent about 52% of the weight of the whole fruit.

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